Established June 16th in 683 AD (605 Saka) by Dapunta Hyang based
Kedukan Bukit inscription inscribed Pallawa and ancient Malay language. It is
the oldest city in Indonesia.
Stages ofgrowth phasePalembang
·Kingdom of Sriwijayaera Palembanghad
ever been thecenter of the kingdomof Sriwijayabut it is alsoatrade centerbetween
countriesthroughChina Sea and the Strait of Malacca.It is also as a center ofBuddhist
religionreinforced by theinscription
of Dewapaladewa. The inscription wasfound inNapalanda(India) which said thatthe King ofSriwijaya
Eventhe construction ofBorobuduris inseparablefrom thesupportof the
kingof Sriwijaya. History relics
ofthisperiod , among
others, is the Kingdom ofSriwijayaandBukitSiguntang
Sincethe collapse ofSriwijaya
kingdominthe 13th upto-16 century, Palembang is controlledHinduwhois subjectto thekingdom ofMajapahit. Processandthe establishment ofthe Islamic empire entryinPalembangrelated to thedevelopment of Islamin Java. It is along with thecollapse ofthe Majapahit kingdom. AriaDamar(Ario Dillah),
aking ofPalembang,is a personwho contributed tofosteringRadenFatah(the son of the King ofMajapahitwho was borninPalembang) wasdefeatedKingGiridrawrdhana.He was established the kingdom ofDemak. Successionoccurredinthe Sultanate ofDemak.
The result wasgroup ofnobles did an emigrationtoPalembangled byKiGedeIngSuro,whoin 1552founded thePalembang Darussalam
Sultanate. The area of it is Batanghari sembilan regionthatincludedSouthSumatra, BangkaBelitung, Jambi, LampungandBengkulu.
Sultanate set Islam as the foundation of the State, and the scholars get a very
high position. The proved is the scholars buried in a complex with the Sultan
of Palembang like in graveyard of Tekurep Tengkurep and Cinde Walang. The reign
of Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin Jayo Wikramo (SMB) in the first Sultanate center is
in Kuto Gawang. In 1737, during the reign of Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin Jayo Wikramo
was built keratin Lama on the banks of the Musi River.
Resistance against the Dutch was directly led by Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II
(named Raden Hasan) by ordering the expulsion and demolition lodge of the Dutch
on the Aur River. Dutch use sneaky way capturing SMB II in 1821. It happened when
SMB II was invited to negotiate. But he was taken to Batavia and finally died on
November 22nd, 1852 in Ternate, his place of exile.
Sultanate office inPalembangtransferred
to theSMBII’snephew, KingAnom,
was title SultanAhmadNajamuddinIV. LastSultanPalembangrebelledagainst Dutch. Hewas finally caughtin 1825 and exiledtoManadoin 1841.
It marked the endof the Sultanate ofPalembang.
LEADERSHIP PEDIGREE OF SULTANPALEMBANGDARUSSALAM
Sido Ing Lautan
Ing Suro Mudo
Ki Mas Adipati
Madi Ing Sangsoko
Sido Ing Puro
Sido Ing Kinayan
Sido Ing Pasarean
Sido Ing Rajek
Muhammad Mansyur Jayo Ing Lago
Mahmud Badaruddin Jayo Wikramo (I)
Susuhunan Ahmad Najamudin
Mahmud Badaruddin I
Mahmud Badaruddin II
Ahmad Najamudin Pangeran Ratu
·The pre-independence era
In the colonial era, South Sumatra is known as a source
of oil which is the main income of the Dutch for development of oil refinery
like oil refinery in Plaju which began operating in 1900 and oil refinery in
Gerong River which was completed in 1926. The building relics of Dutch still
exist is the Mayor's Office, JHS 1, Building of Jacobsen VD Berg, Musi Hotel
(BKD office), BP7 Building, Ayam Curch and others.
On April 1st 1906, the Dutch colonial government set Palembang as a
city. During the Japanese occupation is only a few bunkers protection, it is actually
a Japanese army's own needs.
On August 22nd, 1945 news of freedom to Palembang and directly
distributed by Dr. A.K. Gani once declared Palembang as a part of the RI. The Dutch
wants to return getting power, triggering the resistance of the people of
Palembang which is famous for fighting five days and five nights in the city
·Palembang initial construction period
Some of development at the time of
Mayor Ali Alimin (1955), among others:
oConstruction / expansion of markets
oHousing construction in the Buah river and Talang Ratu
oConstruction of drinking water installations
oFighting for the construction of Musi bridges
oLand acquisition for the construction of a fertilizer
factory of Sriwijaya and Unsri
oConstruction of the Kamboja stadium
oDomestic road construction Tangga Buntung – Gandus
oAmpera bridge construction in 1962
oConstruction / upgrading of the main road like Jln. Jend.
Sudirman, Veteran and A. Yani